In a living room, this will be the wall where the sofa is, in the bedroom it's the one behind the bed, and in the dining room it is the wall opposite the window. If a room has a wide wall projection, e. Just follow our wallpaper girl's example and hold the wallpaper in the middle of the visually most important wall all the way up to the top to determine the start of the complete image of the basic pattern. It would be useful to have a helper present during this process, as the other person can look at the pattern from afar and instruct the one holding the wallpaper to move it into the correct position.
Once you have found the start of the pattern image, mark the spot. You can start wallpapering from the side, but the important thing is the accurate pattern start at the top of the wall. For wallpapers with very delicate or high-quality surfaces, we recommend wearing cotton gloves during cutting. Now, we can start cutting the first strip or length. Put the wallpaper on the table, with the pattern facing you, and roll it out.
The previously determined measurements can be marked on the table beforehand - or simply measure the roll and mark the paper itself. Remember to add 5 cm at the top and bottom of the strip. If it doesn't match the start of the roll, the cutting line needs to be adapted again, plus 5 cm first. The cuts should always be at a right angle to the roll. Either use a wallpaper ruler or fold the wallpaper at the marked point "edge on edge", and cut it with your wallpapering knife or scissors. For plain-coloured wallpapers, the cutting process for the first length is identical.
However, you can unroll the wallpaper with the back facing you as you don't need to worry about a pattern. You might think that rolls of wallpaper are manufactured in a way that ensures the top of the pattern will be at the top or end of the wallpaper. Alas, that is not the case - they are generally rolled up in a fairly random manner and direction.
Please make sure you check the direction of the pattern in order to determine top and bottom correctly. Next, the additional lengths are cut. In contrast to plain-coloured wallpapers without patterns, which can be cut off the roll one after the other, you need to factor in the pattern repeat size and offset when working with patterned wallpapers.
This is important as it ensures that you can make sure the pattern fits length by length. As mentioned before, the pattern repeat size is the height of the pattern which is repeated on the roll for instance, "70 cm" means that the pattern is repeated on the roll after every 70 cm. Let us introduce you to the three most common pattern repeat offsets for patterned wallpapers. The arrow symbols you can see on the three different patterned wallpapers can be found on the insert of the wallpaper roll and are usually next to the pattern repeat size.
No pattern repeat offset needed. The pattern will be at the same height for all lengths of wallpaper. If the trestle table is not wide enough to do this, the lengths should be put side by side on the floor to determine the beginning of the pattern. With this method, there should only be a very small amount of offcuts. The lengths can be used without paying attention to the pattern - similarly to plain wallpapers without patterns.
You simply cut all additional lengths according to the height of your wall. There are no offcuts.
How to cut wallpaper correctly | Wallpapering Instructions | Lookbook | Wallpaper from the 70s
The pattern will be moved by about half a pattern repeat for the next length of wallpaper. For instance: if the pattern repeat is 50 cm, the offset will be 25 cm.
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This means that every other length is identical, i. When cutting, this means: You can cut length 3 and 5 according to the first length by placing pattern on pattern. In order to reduce waste through offcuts fairly high for this method , you should use a new roll for length number 2. If you start wallpapering from the middle of the wall, please pay attention to the pattern match in order to determine how you need to continue working to the left or right.
This is important to ensure that the pattern matches on either side. Paper wallpapers must be cut on the trestle table. Non-woven wallpapers can be cut directly on the wall during wallpapering, should you prefer this alternative method. Measure the width of the paper you are going to hang. Measure this amount out from the corner in the direction you are going less 15mm. Put a mark close to the ceiling at this point. This is where you hang your plumbline from and will allow a 15mm overlap around the corner. This will give you a good vertical line to hang your first length to.
Some are supplied pasted, some unpasted.
Prepasted and unpasted wallpapers need to be soaked so they can relax and expand before being hung. This process cannot be rushed, so take your time. Hang the first strip in line with your plumbline. Loosely roll your cut lengths from the bottom with the pattern on the inside. Fill the water trough approximately two thirds full with lukewarm water.
Immerse the rerolled length into the water trough, making sure the entire length is fully immersed for the required time approx 15 seconds. Feed the leading edge of the paper under the wire in the trough and pull up slowly. Wet a strip across the back of the paper to test for the presence of paste before wetting. If only a small amount of paste is detected treat the wallpaper as unpasted. Ensure that all the paste on the back of the paper is fully wetted.
Place the wetted paper on the wall and leave for three minutes to fully relax and expand before final placement.
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Trim and repeat this process following the instructions on the wallpaper label. Most unpasted wallpapers are imported and require pasting and a longer soaking and relax time before hanging.
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Place the cut paper on a table or flat work surface, pattern side down. Paste the back of the paper with a good amount of paste, making sure that the paste has been applied right to the edges. Fold the paper, paste to paste, with a small fold at the bottom and a large fold at the top. Leave the paper to relax before hanging, between minutes. Some products may require up to 20 minutes to fully relax before they are ready for hanging.
To hang, unfold the top section of the length and place it onto the wall in line with the plumb line. Smooth out with a brush starting from the centre of the length out to the edges, then unfold the bottom section and smooth out in the same way. Trim and repeat this process for the next strip.
Always strike a new vertical line on each wall. Use a wallpaper smoothing brush or smoother to apply the wallpaper to the wall. Move from the centre of your length to the edges, pushing any bubbles away as you go. If the paper creases or wrinkles, carefully pull the paper from the bottom past the crease and slowly smooth back into place and trim. Use a straight edge and a sharp knife when trimming excess.
Once the wallpaper is in place, trim the excess wallpaper at the top and bottom of the wall. Use a sharp snap off blade knife and straight edge to make the cuts.
Push the paper into the ceiling line and skirting. A putty knife is useful to scribe the paper into position. Place your straight edge up against the ceiling and trim along the edge of the straight edge then repeat at the skirting. Remember to remove all excess paste from ceiling and skirting. Butt the edge of subsequent lengths of wallpaper to the already hung lengths taking care to ensure you match the pattern. Inside corners should be hung in two pieces. Measure top and bottom from the edge of the last length hung into the corner. Take the largest distance and add 15mm.
Transfer this measurement to the length of paper to be hung, cut at this measurement and hang. This will allow 15mm to return onto the next wall. Measure the piece of wallpaper that is left and make a new vertical line at this measurement from the corner in the direction you are going. Hang the second length of paper to this plumb line, working from the plumb line back into the corner overlapping the 15mm from the first length. In corners where vinyl laps vinyl, use a special vinyl to vinyl adhesive such as Metylan Border Adhesive.
Wallpaper will remain workable for approximately minutes after soaking or pasting, so take your time to get the strip into the right position and well smoothed before moving onto the next strip. To hang around doors and windows it is best to hang the full strip of wallpaper so it overlaps the frame and smooth it into place to the edge of the door or window frame. Diagonally cut the wallpaper to the corners of the door or window frame so that the wallpaper is lying smoothly against the wall. Trim the excess off around the frame using a straight edged knife.
Switches and powerpoints may be neatly wallpapered by hanging the strip of wallpaper so it covers the unit. Mark the four corners of the switch using a pencil and connect these together to establish the outline. Lift the paper and using scissors cut from the centre of the area outwards.
Working one side at a time, push the flap over the edge of the unit, smooth down and trim off excess. To hang around doors, overlap the full strip,cut, smooth it into place and trim. Cover switches and powerpoints and cut from the center outwards. Make diagonal cuts into the corners when papering around fittings and trim.