The Reconstruction ideal of interracial democracy and color-blind citizenship eventually succumbed to a counterattack from violent organizations like the Ku Klux Klan and the progressive abandonment of the principle of equality in the North and the idea of federal intervention to protect the rights of the newly freed slaves. Not until the "Second Reconstruction"—the civil rights revolution of the s—would the United States once again seek to come to terms with the political and social consequences of the destruction of slavery.
With the overthrow of biracial state governments in the South and the withdrawal of the last federal troops from the region by President Rutherford B.
- Online Library of Liberty;
- Get e-book A NATION DIVIDED - THE SECOND CIVIL WAR (The Second Civil War - BOOK I 1)?
- Black Moon: Alpha Pack Book 3.
Hayes in , the era of the Civil War and Reconstruction came to an end. But conflict continued in the arena of historical interpretation and public memory. In the North, the Grand Army of the Republic, the organization of war veterans, became a fixture of Republican politics and a presence in every northern community. Even as the Republican Party abandoned its earlier idealism, the loyalties created by the war helped it retain national dominance well into the twentieth century. In the South, the Confederate experience came to be remembered as the Lost Cause, a noble struggle for local rights and individual liberty with the defense of slavery conveniently forgotten.
By the turn of the century, as soldiers from North and South fought side by side in the Spanish-American War, it seemed that the nation had put the bitterness of the s behind it. With northern acquiescence, the Solid South, now uniformly Democratic, effectively nullified the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments and imposed a new racial order based on disenfranchisement, segregation, and economic inequality. Historical accounts of Reconstruction played an important part in this retreat from the ideal of equality.
For much of the twentieth century, both scholarly and popular writing presented Reconstruction as the lowest point in the saga of American history. Supposedly, Radical Republicans in Congress vindictively fastened black supremacy upon the defeated Confederacy and an orgy of corruption and misgovernment followed, presided over by unscrupulous "carpetbaggers" northerners who ventured south to reap the spoils of office , "scalawags" white southerners who cooperated with the Republican Party for personal gain , and ignorant and childlike freed people.
More recently, in the wake of the civil rights revolution of the s, scholars have taken a far more sympathetic approach to Reconstruction, viewing it as an effort, noble if flawed, to create interracial democracy in the South. The tragedy was not that it was attempted, but that it failed.
Overall, the era of the Civil War and Reconstruction raised questions that remain central to our understanding of ourselves as a nation. What should be the balance of power between local authority and the national government; who is entitled to American citizenship; what are the meanings of freedom and equality in the United States?
These questions remain subjects of controversy today. In that sense, the Civil War is not yet over. David H. Skip to main content. History Now. Time Period. Some of these suggestions may seem unrealistic, given the current state of politics. Sabrina Darby.
The Portrait of Lady Wycliff. The Bargain. One Kiss from Ruin. Nancy Yeager. The Lord of Lost Causes. Seduced in September. Genevieve Turner. Italian Affair. Wicked Surrender Regency Sinners 2. Seven Nights with a Scot.
The Principles of Political Economy / John Stuart Mill
Gerri Russell. London's Best Kept Secret.
- Stelletwal Vengeance & Domination.
- Jenesi Ash > Compare Discount Book Prices & Save up to 90% > preseramtheter.gq.
- Women and Crime.
- Some etiopathogenetic aspects of chronic prostatitis: mycoplasmas, coryneform bacteria and oxidative stress.
- Possessed Oral Fixation (paranormal erotica, m/F) (The XXX Files Book 3).
- Unicorn Wings (Step into Reading).
- The Adventures of Cefa the Cat, Cefa Meets His First Friend.
Anabelle Bryant. His Duchess For A Day. Christi Caldwell. The Mad Heiress and the Duke. Isabella Thorne. Craven House Collection. Christina McKnight. Charming a Scoundrel.
Join Kobo & start eReading today
Fortune Hunter. Deborah Simmons. Make a Viscount Beg. Tammy Andresen. What the Marquess Sees.
Amy Quinton. August Sunrise. Merry Farmer. The Viscount's Christmas Miracle. Erin Grace. Having Patience. Bought and Paid For. Lady No Says Yes. What the Duke Wants.
Women and Crime
A Perfect Plan. Alyssa Drake. In The Viscount's Arms. Allyson Jeleyne. Never Kiss an Earl at Midnight. The Prince Who Captured Me. Joanne Wadsworth. A Lady's Luck.
By Frederick Douglass
Maggie Dallen. One Less Lonely Earl.
One-Eyed Dukes Are Wild. A Kiss from a Rogue. Elisa Braden. Three French Inns. Love's Refrain. Rourke Steele Protectors 4. The Duke's Untamed Desire. Amy Jarecki. Carnally Ever After. Jackie Barbosa. The Lesson Plan. Skin in the Game. Hot Under the Collar. If the publication of opinions is to be restrained, merely because they are mischievous, there must be somebody to judge, what opinions are mischievous, and what the reverse. It is obvious, that there is no certain and universal rule for determining whether an opinion is useful or pernicious; and that if any person be authorized to decide, unfettered by such a rule, that person is a despot.
To decide what opinions shall be permitted, and what prohibited, is to choose opinions for the people, since they cannot adopt opinions which are not suffered to be presented to their minds. Whoever chooses opinions for the people, possesses absolute control over their actions, and may wield them for his own purposes with perfect security. It thus appears, by the closest ratiocination, that there is no medium between perfect freedom of expressing opinions, and absolute despotism. Whenever you Edition: current; Page: [ 7 ] invest the rulers of the country with any power to suppress opinions, you invest them with all power; and absolute power of suppressing opinions would amount, if it could be exercised, to a despotism far more perfect than any which has yet existed, because there is no country in which the power of suppressing opinions has ever, in practice, been altogether unrestrained.
How, then, it may be asked, if to have any power of silencing opinions is to have all power—since the government of Great Britain certainly has that power in a degree—how do we account for the practical freedom of discussion, which to a considerable extent undoubtedly prevails in this country? The government having the power to destroy it, why is it suffered to exist?
The aristocracy do not submit to these restraints because they like them, but because they do not venture to throw them off. This is conformable to the theory of the British constitution itself. Even a Turkish Sultan is restrained by the fear of exciting insurrection. The power of shackling the press may, like all other power, be controlled in its exercise by public opinion, and to a very great, though far from a sufficient, extent, it has been and is so controlled in Great Britain.
By law, however—notwithstanding the assertions of lawyers, which assertions, when it suits them, they never scruple to contradict—liberty of discussion, on any topic by which the interests of the aristocracy can be affected, does not exist at all in this country, as we have already shewn, upon general principles, and shall prove in the sequel from the actual words of the highest legal authorities.